(2) Traditional Authority:

Traditional authority legitimated by a historic practice or custom. These practices are considered sacred by people and therefore inviolable. The divine origin attributed to a ruler or an emperor stems from the notion that the authority exercised is sacred and divine. According to Weber, the feudal system of authority is al- traditional because the relationship between feudal lords and vassals was based on custom and regarded as sacred.

Though many societies have adopted more modern forms of legitimacy, the vestiges of traditional authority can be found everywhere. The continuation or the ceremonial continuation of monarchy, whether in Britain or Japan is an expression of traditional authority.

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(3) Legal Authority:

Legitimacy is based on rules, procedures and rational legal logic in the case of legal authority. Most modern democracies follow legal authority, in an ideal typical sense. To elect a president or prime minister of a country there are legal rules and laws which are laid down on, what Weber calls, rational procedures.

These three formations Weber had proposed” are approximations or models for the purpose of categorisation and identification. In reality none of these types of authority exists in the true sense. For instance when people elect leaders who represent them to take on a government, they choose them on the basis of their charisma they exhibit as well.

The rules and procedures for exercise of authority as well as the process of electing a representative are also not always followed by the book. Nevertheless Weber gives a typology that is useful in identifying different sources of legitimacy.