World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) in 1992 aimed at creating more goods and services by using minimum natural resources and creating less waste and pollution. This concept was coined as eco- efficiency. It includes:

i. Use of renewable resources

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ii. Minimum use of natural resources

iii. Reduction in the use of fossil fuel/energy

iv. Reduction in the release of toxic substances

v. Improved recyclability to save natural resources

vi. Greater durability of products

vii. Creating more goods and services

This would demand cleaner and more efficient technologies such as using non-conventional source of energy, solar water heater than burning fossil fuel or fuel wood.