2. Economic Federalism:
It proposed to promote the concept of economic federalism with the setting up of a few nucleus plants in each district, identified as industrially backward, to generate as many ancillaries small and cottage industries for their development.
Unlike the IP of 1977, the IP of 1980 was based on the premise that interests of the small and large industry are not essentially conflicting.
3. Redefining the small Units:
To encourage the development of small units, the government revised the definition of small units.
(a) Tiny units- limit of investment raised from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 2 lakhs
(b) Small industries- limit of investment raised from Rs 10 lakhs to Rs 20 lakhs; and
(c) Ancillaries- limit of investment raised from Rs 15 lakhs to Rs 25 lakhs
4. Promotion of rural industries:
To generate higher employment and higher per capita income. For this purpose, handlooms, handicrafts and Khadi would receive greater attention so that a faster growth of the rural areas is made possible
5. Removal of regional imbalances:
For this, the state encouraged industrial units in backward areas.
6. Industrial sickness:
The policy statement outlined clearly its approach towards sick units
(a) Management of sick units would be taken over only in exceptional cases on grounds of public interest where other means for their revival are not feasible.
(b) Sick units with adequate potential for revival would be encouraged to merge with healthy units. For such proposals of merger, the existing tax concessions under section 72-A of the Income Tax Act will be made available more liberally.
7. Regulation of Unauthorised Excess Capacity:
In the private sector, capacity expansion up to 25 percent of installed capacity would be automatically available to the overall capacity including regularised excess capacity.
It was stated that FERA and MRTP companies were to be considered on a selective bases. Moreover, this facility was not to be given in respect of items reserved for the small sector.
The Industrial Policy, 1980 claimed to follow a pragmatic approach and emphasised measures for increasing industrial production but ignored regarding policy measures to reduce concentration of economic power in private sector and other problems.
The Industrial Policy, 1980 favoured a more capital-intensive pattern of development and thus it attempted various measures of liberalisation for helping the large sector. It underplayed the employment objective.